Top 20 Cyber Security Questions & Answers

Top 20 Cyber Security Questions & Answers

Cybersecurity is a critical concern in today’s digitally interconnected world, with individuals, organizations, and governments facing an ever-evolving array of threats. To help shed light on this complex and vital field, here are the top 20 cybersecurity questions and answers. These questions cover a wide range of topics, from basic concepts to advanced strategies, aiming to empower you with the knowledge needed to protect yourself and your digital assets in an increasingly digital age. Whether you’re a cybersecurity enthusiast, a business owner, or simply someone interested in safeguarding your online presence, this collection of questions and answers will serve as a valuable resource for understanding the principles and practices of cybersecurity.

Now, let’s move on to the top 20 Cyber Security Questions & Answers

Q1. _________ are decoy systems that are designed to lure a potential attacker away from critical systems.


Q2. _________ is a security event that constitutes a security incident in which an intruder gains access to a system without having
authorization to do so.

Select one:
a. intrusion detection
b. IDS
c. criminal enterprise
d. security intrusion

Q3. The __ is responsible for determining if an intrusion has occurred.

Select one:
a. analyzer
b. host
c. user interface
d. sensor

Q4. The broad classes of intruders are cyber criminals, state-sponsored organizations,______ , and others.


Q5. A __ monitors network traffic for par ticular network segments or devices and analyzes network, transport, and application protocols to identify suspicious activity.

Select one:
a. host-based IDS
b. security intrusion
c. network-based IDS
d. intrusion detection

Q6. Intrusion detection is based on the assumption that the behavior of the intruder differs from that of a legitimate user in ways that can be quantified.

Select one:
a. True
b. False

Q7. The functional components of an ______ are: data source, sensor, analyzer, administration, manager, and operator.


Q8. An intruder can also be referred to as a hacker or cracker.

Select one:
a. True
b. False

Q9. ____ are either individuals or members of a larger group of outsider attackers who are motivated by social or political causes.

Select one:
a. State-sponsored organizations
b. Activists
c. Cyber criminals
d. Others

Q10. Some hackers, hack into computers for the thrill of it or for status.

Select one:
a. True
b. False

Q11. A(n) __ event is an alert that is generated when the gossip traffic enables a platform to conclude that an attack is under way.

Select one:
a. PEP
b. DDI

Q12. The _____ is the human with overall responsibility for setting the security policy of the organization, and, thus, for decisions about deploying and configuring the IDS.


Q13. A ____ IDS monitors traffic at selected points on a network or interconnected set of networks.

net-work based

Q14. An inline sensor monitors a copy of network traffic; the actual traffic does not pass through the device.

Select one:
a. True
b. False

Q15. The ____ (RFC 4766) document defines requirements for the Intrusion Detection Message Exchange Format (IDMEF).

Intrusion Detection

Q16. A common location for a NIDS sensor is just inside the external firewall.

Select one:
a. True
b. False

Q17. _ is a document that describes the application level protocol for exchanging data between intrusion detection entities.

Select one:
a. RFC 4767
b. RFC 4766
c. RFC 4765
d. RFC 4764

Q18. The rule _ tells Snort what to do when it finds a packet that matches the rule criteria.

Select one:
a. protocol
b. direction
c. action
d. destination port

Q19. The _ is the ID component that analyzes the data collected by the sensor for signs of unauthorized or undesired activity or for events that might be of interest to the security administrator.

Select one:
a. data source
b. sensor
c. operator
d. analyzer

Q20. Anomaly detection is effective against misfeasors.

Select one:
a. True
b. False


  1. Honeypots
  2. d
  3. a
  4. activists
  5. c
  6. a
  7. IDS
  8. a
  9. b
  10. a
  11. b
  12. administrator
  13. net-work based
  14. b
  15. Intrusion Detection
  16. a
  17. a
  18. c
  19. d
  20. b